Already in medieval times, Goslar has been an important town. The first German emperors resided here. Besides that, Goslar became a member of the Hanseatic League, which was - together with the ore-mining, silver and copper extraction - the basis for a flourishing trade and growing affluence of the city. It was already in the year 968 that silver has been extracted from the Rammelsberg Mountain.
In the 11th century, Goslar acquired legal status of a Free Imperial City, being under the exclusive rule of the Emperor. Goslar's medieval Old Town and the nearby Rammelsberg ore-mine have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The historical Old Town, only one square kilometre large, is nearly complete extant and invites you to take a stroll along richly ornamented Patrician houses, guildhalls and the remains of the ancient city wall. 47 churches and chapels and medieval cobble-stoned alleys are the typical signs of the cityscape. Goslar and its related districts has approx. 43.000 inhabitants and is easily reachable both by train and by car. Also the big annual shooting match at the beginning of July is worth mentioning, same as the Old Town Festival in September.